Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to the Great Depression with a series of economic measures collectively known as "The New Deal," which were designed to help bring the country out of recession, rejuvenate the economy and give the American people confidence in banking again. The topics he spoke about ranged from domestic issues such as the economic policies of the New Deal, drought and unemployment, to Europe’s battle with fascism and American military progress in Europe and in the Pacific during World War II. Immediately after his election, Roosevelt beg… The topic, again, was financial policy. When most of the country's banks opened the following morning, the words heard in American living rooms from the White House helped restore confidence in the nation's financial system. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The fireside chats of the 1930s covered various aspects of domestic policy. On the evening of Sunday, March 12, after only a week in the White House, Roosevelt sat at a desk filled with microphones. The fireside chats were a series of 30 addresses by President Franklin D. Roosevelt broadcast nationwide on radio in the 1930s and 1940s. Because of the “fireside chats” of President Roosevelt, people gain confidence it gave a comforting effect to the people during this hard times. Thus began a tradition that continued throughout Roosevelt’s presidency. Roosevelt stated in his first inaugural address that "we have nothing to fear but fear itself." During the years of the New Deal President Roosevelt addressed the nation on-air about twice a year, announcing each chat a week or two in advance to ensure a wide listenership. A speech Roosevelt delivered at the Democratic National Convention was broadcast in 1924. During the war years he spoke more frequently. New Deal, domestic program of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1939, which took action to bring about immediate economic relief from the Great Depression as well as reforms in industry, agriculture, and finance, vastly increasing the scope of the federal government’s activities. Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? He broadcast a third time in 1933, in October, but in later years the pace slowed down, sometimes to just one broadcast per year. https://www.history.com/topics/great-depression/fireside-chats. Roosevelt seemed to sense that radio had a special quality, as it could reach millions of listeners, yet for each individual listener the broadcast could be a personal experience. 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt Free Printable Worksheets, All About President Truman's Fair Deal of 1949, History and Events of the Presidential Inauguration. The fireside chats came to an end in the summer of 1944, perhaps because news of the progress of the war already dominated the airwaves and Roosevelt had no need to advocate for new programs. May 7, 1933: Fireside Chat 2: On Progress During the First Two Months. In this speech, delivered in September 1939, FDR says the following: "Let no man or woman thoughtlessly or falsely talk of America … The fireside chats were a series of 30 addresses by President Franklin D. Roosevelt broadcast nationwide on radio in the 1930s and 1940s. The economy was so down during this time. Roosevelt's distinctive voice became very familiar to most Americans. In the general election, Roosevelt received some 23 million popular votes, compared with only 16 million for the Republican incumbent, Herbert Hoover. When Roosevelt took office in 1933, he acted swiftly to stabilize the economy and provide jobs and relief ...read more, The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from 1929 to 1939. Students listen to the First Fireside Chat. President Roosevelt delivering an early Fireside Chat. During a December 9, 1941 fireside chat, two days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt prepared the nation for war. Analysis Questions: 1) Contextualization: How many American households had a radio in 1920? Contextualization: Closely examine the graph below and answer the three analysis questions that follow. The name stuck, as it perfectly evoked the comforting intent behind Roosevelt’s words, as well as their informal, conversational tone. President Herbert Hoover did not do much to alleviate the crisis: Patience and self-reliance, he argued, were all Americans ...read more, The New Deal was a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that aimed to restore prosperity to Americans. President Franklin D. Roosevelt made a total of 31 Fireside Chats from the initial days of his first administration to the dark days of World War II. The focus of Reagan's talk is on the economy, just like FDR's "First Fireside Chat." He was Amazon.com's first-ever history editor and has bylines in New York, the Chicago Tribune, and other national outlets. Arthur Krock, the influential political columnist of the New York Times, wrote following a fireside chat in October 1937 that the president didn't seem to have much new to say. Yet listeners could feel the president was talking directly to them so maybe Reagan did a... 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